Ping pong! Ping pong!
Do you hear that? That’s the sound of a fun game.
The game is called table tennis. Do you want to be the best at it? Then you need to know the rules.
In this article, we will teach you all about table tennis rules. We will also share some cool facts.
Are you ready to become a table tennis master? Let’s get started!
Table Tennis Rules
First, let’s talk about the basic rules.
Table tennis is played by two or four people. They hit a small ball with a paddle. The goal is to hit the ball so the other person can’t hit it back.
Table Tennis Serve Rules
Here are some rules about serving the ball:
- Stand behind the table’s end line
- Toss the ball at least six inches high
- Hit the ball after it starts to fall
- Make the ball bounce on your side first
- Then, make the ball bounce on the other side
Table Tennis Scoring
Points are scored in these ways:
- Your opponent misses the ball
- Your opponent hits the ball off the table
- Your opponent hits the ball twice in a row
- Your opponent’s serve doesn’t follow the rules
Table Tennis Game Play
Here’s how to play a game:
- Win a point to serve first
- Each player takes turns serving
- Switch serves every two points
- Play until someone gets 11 points
- You must win by at least two points
Table Tennis Doubles Rules
In doubles, there are more rules:
- Teammates stand on opposite sides
- The server must serve from the right side
- The ball must go to the opposite side
- Teammates must take turns hitting the ball
Table Tennis Rules Variations
There are different types of table tennis. Some have different rules. Here are a few examples:
Hardbat uses special paddles. They have no sponge or rubber. This makes the game slower. Players must hit the ball harder.
In sandpaper, paddles have a rough surface. This changes how the ball bounces. It makes the game more tricky.
In one-color, both sides of the paddle are the same color. This makes it hard to know what spin the ball has. It’s a big challenge.
Table Tennis Equipment
You need the right tools to play table tennis. Here’s what you need:
A table tennis table is:
- 9 feet long
- 5 feet wide
- 2.5 feet high
- Green or blue
- White lines mark the edges
A table tennis ball is:
- Made of plastic
- 40 millimeters wide
- Weighs 2.7 grams
- White or orange
A table tennis paddle is:
- Made of wood
- Covered with rubber
- Red on one side
- Black on the other side
History of Table Tennis
Table tennis has a long history. Let’s learn about it:
Table tennis started in England. It was played in the 1880s. It was called “whiff-whaff.” People used books as paddles. They hit a golf ball on a table.
Table tennis was called “ping-pong” first. That name was trademarked. So,
people started calling it “table tennis” instead. The name “ping-pong” came from the sound the ball made when hit.
Table tennis became popular in the 1900s. It spread to other countries. People started playing it for fun and in competitions.
International Table Tennis Federation
The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) was founded in 1926. It makes the rules for table tennis. It also organizes big tournaments.
Table tennis became an Olympic sport in 1988. Players from all over the world compete for gold medals.
Interesting Table Tennis Facts
Now, let’s learn some fun facts about table tennis:
The fastest table tennis ball ever hit was 70 miles per hour. That’s faster than a car in a city!
The longest rally in table tennis lasted for 8 hours, 15 minutes, and 1 second. Two people hit the ball back and forth for a very long time.
The most players in a table tennis tournament were 2,012. They played in 2012 in London. That’s a lot of people playing at once!
Did you know paddles can spin the ball? There are three types of spin:
- Topspin: makes the ball go down
- Backspin: makes the ball go up
- Sidespin: makes the ball curve
There are table tennis robots. They can shoot balls at you. This helps you practice. Some robots can even spin the ball.
Now you know all about table tennis rules. You learned about the common rules, rules variations, equipment, and history. You also learned some fun facts.
Are you ready to play table tennis? Grab your paddle and ball. Find a table and start playing.
Remember the rules and have fun. You’re on your way to becoming a table tennis master!